Galați is the residence and also the largest city of Galați county and one of the largest economic centres in Romania, Moldova respectively, being the 8th city in the country by number of inhabitants. Galați is situated in Southeast Romania and its geographical position is very important for the development of the city, being at the crossing point where three historical regions meet – Dobrogea, Muntenia and Moldova. The city is currently located at the triple Southern border with the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine, the Danube is in the South at the junction of the Siret River (West) and Prut (East), near Brates Lake and only 80 km away from the Black Sea. In this context of economic, commercial and political strategic importance, Galați is not a city to overlook. The relief is characterised by elevations between 310 meters in North and 5 meters in South, because of the joining of the Romanian Plain and the Moldavian Plateau. The area has a specific aspect due to the Danube meadow, the Siret and the Prut Rivers.
The discovery of fragments of tools from the Neolithic age, emphasises the fact that the settlement in this regions is old and was continued by the romans, because of the proximity of the Castra from Tirighina-Barbosi. The first documentary mention of the city of Galați (a fair at that time) dates from 1445, in a document signed by Prince Stephen II. During the following centuries, despite of attacks and arson from the Ottomans and the Russians, the city started to prosper thanks to the fact that it was the only port in Moldova with a significant role in both internal and transit commerce with the Germanic states and with Turkey and Poland. Following that, Western powers such as France, England and the USA opened consulates in Galați. Furthermore, the construction of large military ships had a significant importance in the city. In 1837, Galați obtained the Porto Franco status (until 22 December 1882) and, after the Crimean war, the city became, together with Sulina, the main office of the European Danube Commission. Later on, it saw a considerable growth in the commerce of grain and timber. In 1930, it was also the fifth city, by size, from the Kingdom of Romania.
The destruction inflicted by the Second World War and its successive reconstruction during the Communist regime, owning especially to the Steel Mill marks a new stage for the community life of Galați. The cultural diversity of the city – Armenians, Greeks, Turks and Jews, offers the possibility to gain knowledge of sciences, arts and history in the main cultural centres of the city, such as the Museum of Natural Sciences, also known as the Botanical Garden, “Paul Păltănea” History Museum, the Museum of Visual Arts, or in places of worship such as “Precista” Fortified Church, the Archiepiscopal Cathedral of Lower Danube – Saint Hierarch Nicholas and Saint Andrew, or in theatres like “Fani Tardini” Drama Theatre and “Nae Leonard” Musical Theatre.
In the parks, one can see the statues of the great Romanian personalities or have a coffee at one of the modern cafes on the boulevards while admiring the historical buildings and monuments recalling the noble Romanian spirit. Galați is certainly a city that offers exciting, interesting and attractive possibilities to both residents and tourists.
A high share in the industrial production of Galati is the production for export, especially of steel products, marine and river vessels, fuel oil and garments, metal accessories, metallic garments and others. Acording to the turnover of the industrial units the economic orientation in the following:
|Field||Orientation by Turnover|
Production and supply of electric and thermal energy
Transport, storage and mail and courier activities
Water distribution, sanitation, waste management, decontamination activities
Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles
The metallurgical industry represents the main economic activity in the city of Galati. ArcelorMittal Galati (formerly Sidex Galati) is the largest steel plant in Romania. Much of the production capacities remaining in operation have been upgraded in recent years: the steelworks, the thick sheet mill no.2, furnace no.5, having the effect of making the activity more efficient and complying with the European and national environmental standards.
The Naval Construction Industry
Naval Shipyard Galati is a leader in the Romanian marine industry for more than 100 years. The yard is located on the Danube riverbank between the city and the Free Zone. Since 1991 Galati Shipyard has become a joint stock company with the activity of design, construction (repair) and sale of sea and river vessels. In March 1999, the majority stake was bought by the Damen Shipyard Group in the Netherlands.
Innovative BusinessesThere are 3 entities that SUPPORT Business and innovation in Galati:
GALATI FREE TRADE ZONE: Established by Government Decision in 1994, it has a total area of 139 ha, land that can be made available to investors for a 49-year concession or leased for up to 5 years to invest at very advantageous proces. Galati Free Trade Zone now includes 30 companies, 15 of which leased land and 15 leased or benefited from the free trade zone regime. They carry out their activity in the field of energy production, rolling and parts for machine building, transportation, storage and trade in grain, oil products, metals and LPG, etc.
GALATI INDUSTRIAL PARK: Inaugurated in 2013, it is strategically located on the Danube, in the south-east of the city, near the Free Trade Zone. The park has an administrative building with office spaces, conference rooms, etc., over 1,400 sqm and a storage hall of 1,100 sqm and the land has access to the technical-municipal networks, it can be rented at very advantageous proces (0,8 Euro/sqm). The investment in this objective was over 10 million euros, funds from the local and state budget.
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GALATI SOFTWARE PARK: It hosts over 31 companies in the field, with a total of 300 employees. The Park was inaugurated in 2004 and has a building of about 1,400 sqm fully renovated and equipped which houses a business incubator with 64 offices, a conference room, a multimedia room, a protocol hall, research rooms, consulting room, training.
Transport: River transport and portsThe city of Galati is located on the left bank of the Danube, 80 km from the Danube Delta, and has four ports – a port for passenger transport and three ports for freight transport. Galati is the second biggest port of Romania, with the possibility of connecting to the Black Sea, because from the city of Braila the Danube river is maritime. The most important part of Romania’s timber exports is made through its ports.
The most important port on the Danube, built 12 decades ago, ”Port Bazinul Nou” offers a range of services: loading, unloading, bonding, warehousing facilities: sheet and strip of steel, aluminum, timber, logs, grain, machinery and other loads.
Galati port is located between km 145,7 and km 157 on the left bank of the Danube, at the confluence of the rivers Siret and Prut with the Danube River, only 7,5 km from the border with the Republic of Moldova and 14 km on land (13 Mm on water (23km)) from the Ukrainian port of Reni. With approximately 6,5 km of quays and 7,3 m draft, the harbor provides a total freight traffic of more than 9,000,000 tons allowing ships of up to 30,000 tdw.